Sources (Fathers of Confederation)

Bumsted, J.M. (1996) The Red River Rebellion, Watson & Dwyer Publishing

Centennial Commission (1967) The Founders and the Guardians – A collection of biographical sketches and portraits (Queen’s Printer)

Desbarats, Lillian (1957) Recollections, Re-printed by the Historical Society of Ottawa as part of its Bytown Pamphlet Series No. 80, 81, 82 and 84.

Galipeau, Royal (2007) The Ottawa Homes of Canada’s Fathers

Macleod, Ian (2006) The Fathers’ Forgotten Homes. Ottawa Citizen, 1 July 2006. (